Kingfishers in the West Midlands

Winter can be a challenging time for kingfishers, says Naturalist Conor Jameson, who shares his tips for places to spot this elusive bird in your area

Kingfishers in West Midlands


I recently posted a photograph of a kingfisher on social media. I found the bird by chance as I reached a riverbank. Friends who live locally were intrigued, wanting to know where exactly it was, and how I found it. There is a simple secret to kingfisher finding which I am happy to share.

Finding a kingfisher is a bit like panning for gold in a bed of grit. Like a precious metal or jewel, of course the bird sparkles and delights when found, but the finding is the trick. And what I always say to friends and family, when walking or sitting by a river or canal, is listen for the clue, the thing that makes the search and the finding so much easier. It is the kingfisher’s contact call. Learn the code, find the bird.

The signature call is a simple and far-carrying whistle, of a kind that carries far on the surface of the water, and penetrates the sound of water or wind-blown waterside vegetation. It is often uttered as the bird flies, in its fast, direct way, low over the water, and I have learned to automatically strain and scan for the streak of azure in the back of the bird as it moves upstream or down. And you do have to react fast. Be ready, as you reach any channel of water.

Kingfishers are with us all year, and if anything they are easier to find in the winter months, when streamside vegetation will be less likely to conceal them, when their vivid orange chests and blue wings will stand out against any drabber backdrop.

It is always worth scanning the banks of a waterway, slowly and carefully, with binoculars if you have them, for this gleam of colour. Kingfishers spend long periods poised on an overhanging branch, waiting for small fish to pass below, within range. Look out too for tell-tale nest holes near the top of vertical riverbanks. These may also be easier to see in winter, and the birds may roost in these deep tunnels through the year. I have even found kingfishers nesting in a pipe, protruding from a brick wall, in central Cambridge.

I visited a tree nursery by a tributary of the River Trent a couple of years ago, and a house right by the river. I chatted to the owner about kingfishers, and, much as he loved seeing them, he had never seen one from the house. “Install some perches for them”, I immediately suggested. The riverbank over which his patio had great views had nowhere for the birds to sit. Perch provision for birds, in places where you can easily observe them, is another tip I often give friends and family. Birds like a seat with a view, too.

Winter can be a challenging time for kingfishers. In icy conditions they can struggle to find fishing opportunities, and of course a frozen waterway is no use to them at all. They are adapted to this by being mobile birds, and very dependent on our network of inland waterways to commute sometimes long distances to find feeding places. They will even visit the coast, to escape prolonged freezes.

With the cleaning up of rivers and canals in recent years, and helped by milder winters, kingfishers have made something of a recovery in the UK, and have spread north.

We use the expression ‘halcyon days’ to conjure a golden age. defines halcyon as “a mythical bird, usually identified with the kingfisher, said to breed about the time of the winter solstice in a nest floating on the sea, and to have the power of charming winds and waves into calmness”.

How apt for our own winter kingfishers, thriving now with the help of Canal & River Trust’s network of waterways, and with the knack of bringing a sense of wellbeing to those lucky enough to find one on a windy winter’s day. So remember, just listen for the call…

Where to spy a kingfisher in the West Midlands

The Caldon Canal flows from Stoke-on-Trent to picturesque Staffordshire and the Churnet Valley, where the RSPB has a beautiful rolling woodland nature reserve. By following the paths along the river, and observing the kingfishers, grey wagtails and dippers along the way, you may also be treated to the sight of some of the other bird species that live in the riverside habitats.

For another nature reserve of a very different, much more urban flavour – the Canal & River Trust-managed Tame Valley Canal passes alongside the Sandwell Valley Reserve. Besides a host of other bird species that you might spot, this is also a great place to observe kingfishers, which is a real treat seeing as it’s so close to the heart of Birmingham.

Kingfisher sightings are possible at any time of year. There’s also a new area of the reserve known as Kingfisher Corner. A helpful posting on a local wildlife forum offers the following advice for would-be kingfisher finders: “Probably the most reliable site is around Cypress Pool in Priory Woods (the smallest of the three pools) and along the nearby Ha-Ha. Outside the breeding season they can be a bit more widespread, being seen around the small pool behind Park Farm, North Island on Forge Mill Lake and on the River Tame.” Good luck!

Kingfishers can be vulnerable to disturbance, particularly at nesting time. Photographers wishing to photograph birds at or near a nest will need to seek a licence. Click here for advice on licensing issues for kingfishers or other Schedule 1 species.

Charlotte Tisdale, Scrappy Annie, Flickr